How to Import Watches from China?
There is a new style with new brands in the watch industry this year which is shifting from Electronic Quartz watches to Mechanical and Automatic watches. Although closely related, there are several differences in positions of components, quality concerns, applicable regulations and labeling needs that abroad consumers should know, if they import automatic and mechanical watches from Chinese manufacturers.
We elaborate what you should know before getting started in this article.
Differentiate between Quartz, Automatic and Mechanical Watches
We are often referring to Quartz, Automatic and Mechanical Watches (Actions) in this article, we start by enlightening the differences below:
Quartz Movement (Battery Operated)
A battery operated database controlled by a quartz crystal to save time using an electronic oscillator. Quartz Movements are low-cost and trustworthy, explaining why they are used in most watches which are manufactured these days. Miyota 1L22 is a common effort initiated in many average price range watches.
Mechanical Movement (Hand-Winding)
A program which is non-battery operated, that is twisted spontaneously by motion. A Mechanical watch is twisting, either spontaneously or physically (hand twisting). The latter needs the user to wind the watch by revolving the spring.
Mechanical Movement (Automatic Winding)
The motion which is twisted atomically is known as A Mechanical movement. As such, the watch is always delivered with energy when the person who wears it changes the watch.
Manufacturers of automatic and mechanical watch in China
The first and foremost step to import watches from China is to find out the manufacturers. Shenzhen is the global center in China’s southern Guangdong authority for wrist watch manufacturing assembly. Whereas maximum suppliers specialize in Quartz Watches (Electronic Programme), Shenzhen is also home to a huge number of Mechanical and Automatic Watch manufacturers.
Maximum watch suppliers only manufacture the watch case and assemble all other parts like movements, hands, and straps which are bought by subcontractors. This specialty in Automatic and Mechanical Watches is not a need, as any supplier can buy Automatic and Mechanical movements. Finally, the production process is indistinguishable. Overall, a watch manufacturer is not restricted to a fixed pool of component suppliers but can be taught to assemble parts, for example, an Automatic Citizen Miyota Movement, from the foreign buyer choose a component supplier. A lot of foremost watch manufacturers and component suppliers from Hong Kong and Shenzhen attend the HKTDC Hong Kong Watch & Clock Fair that is the world’s largest watch and timepiece trade show.
Programmed and Mechanical Activities
a. Technical Specifications
- Winding: Programmed / Hand
- Dimension: XXX/X’’ (i.e., 111⁄2’’)
- Altitude: XX mm (i.e. 3.9 mm)
- Hands: 2 3 (i.e., 3 hands)
- Date: Yes / No
- 24 Hour Display: Yes / No
- Vibrations per hour: XX k (i.e., 28800)
- Accepted Time Delay (i.e., +/ 30 seconds)
- Energy Storage (i.e., 45 hours)
b. Japanese and Swiss Mechanical and Programmed Activities
Both domestic and foreign suppliers sell movements to Chinese Watch Manufacturers. Maximum medium and high-end watches are made using activities from well-established nonChinese, suppliers. Here below the list of movement brands and models that are generally used by Manufacturers of Mechanical and Automatic Watch in Shenzhen.
- 9015 (Slim)
- 90S5 (Skeleton)
- 9100 (Multi-function)
- 9011 (Multi-function)
- 9120 (Multifunction)
- 9130 (Multifunction)
- 9132 (Multi-function)
- 6T Series
c. Chinese OEM (No Name) Mechanical and Programmed Activities
The movements that are generally used in cheaper Automatic and Mechanical watches are known as Chinese OEM (No Name). These movements are lying to be shipped with very high defect rates, an issue aggravates by the statement that the subcontractor is frequently unfamiliar. Maybe this is the biggest challenge when importing low cost Mechanical and Automatic Movements from China.
We accepted the standard for watch movements defect rate higher than 15 %, as the OEM mechanical movements with high defect rate have experienced.The problem is actually so widespread, that even the Watch producers themselves don’t believe on Mechanical and Programmed activities dealers.
Apparently, suppliers are struggling to control the quality of incoming OEM Movements thus they refuse to set strict accepted defect rates. Apart from that, Watch suppliers can hardly provide useful technical spec sheets for these movements, making it very difficult, if not intolerable, to regulate the quality and performance of the movements.
Appropriate Goods Values, Material Limitations, and Labelling Supplies
The main variance is that ROHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive 2002/95/EC) is not valid to Mechanical and Automatic watches for Buyers who are based in the European Union, as these are by sorting not powered by electronic arrangements. This affects labeling supplies, as ROHS 2.0 needs CE marking. We don’t need to ensure submission with the EU Battery Directive, or the US104142 Act as Programmed and Mechanical Activities are not battery operated.
Finally, it restricts mercury content in button cell batteries, generally used in Quartz movements.
Purchasers must also ensure submission with the country of origin labeling supplies, which in the case of watches mention to the origin of the movement in the United States. For example, a Japanese program with an Automatic or Mechanical Watch may, therefore, be categorized as follows:
- Japanese Programme
- Japan Movt.
- Japanese Programme / Made in China
- Japanese Movement / Assembled in China
Though, it is important to concentrate that this needs the program to be assembled in the advertised country of origin.
Few movements use foreign parts such as Swiss or Japanese, whereas the movements are just like the final product that assembled in China. We need to be assured before we submit print files to our supplier, as inappropriate labeling may result in a forced recall. All reliable watch manufacturers clearly state it as the country of assembly on their websites.