National Conference On Artificial Intelligence: Legal Implications and Challenges 

The Law Commission of India, along with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) of the Government of India and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat, hosted an important one-day national conference on February 24, 2024. This conference aimed to examine and discuss the regulations related to Artificial Intelligence (AI) through two technical sessions. The conference was organised to bring together experts from academia, industry, government, and civil society to participate in the discussion

Addressing the experts from different domains, Governor of Haryana Bandaru Dattatreya has said that the use of Artificial Intelligence has increased in every aspect of society. The benefits of AI also show the potential to strengthen legal systems and significantly increase transparency. This will increase the chances of getting quick justice. While Artificial Intelligence will be helpful in providing information and analysis, its challenges should also be brainstormed. 

He was speaking as chief guest at the National Conference. In this program, Arjun Ram Meghwal, Union Minister of State for Law and Justice, Parliamentary Affairs and Cultural, Supreme Court Justice Rajesh Bindal, Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra, Chairperson of the Law Commission of India Rituraj Awasthi, Vice Chancellor of Dr B. R Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat Professor Dr. Archana Mishra, Conference Director and Dean Academic Affairs Professor Ashutosh Mishra were also present. On this occasion, Governor Bandaru Dattatreya and guests also released the research booklet and placement brochure.

The governor of Haryana, Bandaru Dattatreya, said that today is the era of technology and that we have to move forward with technology. Along with technology, research will also have to be focused. In the era of Artificial Intelligence, legal implications and challenges will also have to be seen after using AI in various subjects like privacy, liability, intellectual property and human rights. The rapid advancement of AI technology has brought about a change in the development of the related legal framework, due to which issues like accountability, regulation, etc., are now being discussed and concerns raised. Questions related to data ownership, consent and transparency are at the centre of the debate, especially in contexts where AI systems are beginning to have the ability to make autonomous decisions with significant consequences.

The Governor said that as AI becomes visible in every aspect of society, it is imperative to deal with the complex legal scenarios related to AI to mitigate potential risks and ensure accountability in the digital age. The integration of AI technologies is likely to significantly increase the robustness and transparency of legal systems, thereby facilitating speedy justice delivery. AI-powered tools can streamline legal processes by automating routine tasks like documentation, review, case analysis and contract management, thereby reducing the burden on legal professionals and leading to faster disposal of litigation.

Governor Dattatreya also touched upon the growing impact of Artificial Intelligence and said that Artificial Intelligence automation would change the labour market. The workforce will also need to be retrained accordingly. Attention must be paid to finding equitable ways to handle this transition and guarantee that the benefits of AI are shared widely throughout society. Realising the full potential of AI in a fair and equitable manner requires a balance between innovation and protecting individual rights and the welfare of society. 

Union Minister of State for Law and Justice, Parliamentary Affairs and Cultural Arjun Ram Meghwal said that when we discuss various aspects of AI, we also need to answer some questions. Who should be held responsible if an AI causes harm or makes a mistake? This is a big question that needs to be answered. He also said that new laws may need to be created to regulate AI technology. This may cover things like legal data privacy, discrimination and security standards. Minister Meghwal said that work is a man’s religion as long as you are alive. Man lives for about a hundred years; similarly, technology also lives for a hundred years; technology changes after a hundred years. He said that along with the development of mankind, technology also developed.

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