Why Sudan Is Under Civil War?

In the mid of April, the clash between the military and the country’s paramilitary force erupted due to the power struggle between the two military regiments. 

Sudanese armed forces are loyal to the country’s de facto ruler, Gen Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, while the paramilitary forces follow the former warlord Gen Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, known as Hemedti.

In 2019, the power struggle began with the dictatorial ruler Omar al-Bashir forming a security force that he set against one another. After Bashir’s failure, numerous attempts were made to establish a democratic, civilian-led government drastically failed, and diplomats in Khartoum issued a warning at the beginning of 2022 that they feared such unrest would break out. Tensions had increased in the weeks prior to the start of the clashes.

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What’s At Stake?

Sudan is located in a favourable area bordering the Red Sea, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa. The probability of a smooth transition to a civilian-led government is disrupted by its strategic location and agricultural wealth, which have attracted several regional power struggles. 

Sudan’s relations with Ethiopia are also being strained for the concerns related to the farms located along their borders. Sudan’s neighbouring regions including Ethiopia, Chad and South Sudan are impacted by the political rivalry and upheavals. Thousands of Sudanese refugees have entered Chad from the country’s neighbours as a result of the recent fighting.

Significant geopolitical powers including giant nations like the US, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and other countries are competing for influence in Sudan. Sudan’s transition has been monitored by the Saudis, and the UAE as a chance to counteract the influence of Islamists in the area. Saudis, alongside the US and Britain, plan to create the “Quad” sponsoring meditation in the country along with the African Union and UN.

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